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# Problem solving

Problem solving is solving any problem systematically at low cost. The thinking needed for systematic problem solving applies to solving any problem.

It is an open ended discipline of study for **solving problems** in academic or daily life **not randomly but** **systematically and efficiently at low cost **using a rich set of abstract tools and techniques.

These powerful tools and techniques are created from experience analysis and abstraction of usable resources spread over many subjects such as Management, Computer Science, Maths and so on. This approach enables us to apply a technique to solve a problem in Maths as efficiently as a complex business problem.

#### Subcategories

* Problem solving concepts:* general concepts for enriching daily life.

* Problem solving principles:* form the heart of the discipline.

* Problem solving techniques:* help to solve difficult problems quickly and elegantly.

* Problem solving approaches:* these are few but form the most powerful resource.

* Problem solving tools: *are many and of varied power.

* Problem solving skills: *what are the essential problem solving skills and how to enhance the skills are discussed here.

* Critical thinking: *is an essential element for creating new ideas.

* Problem solving in Maths:* produces elegant solutions in quick time.

* Relationships:* Solving relationship problems.

* Real life problem solving:* Help in solving varieties of real life problems through concepts and case stories.

#### Recommended starting point

Article: *Solve any problem yourself.*

## Solving tough problems elegantly by End State Analysis

## Working backwards approach often solves a problem quickly

Usually when we face a problem involving a sequence of events, we start with our first decision regarding the first event we see in front of us, then take the second decision and the next and thus move towards the solution event after event. Many a time though we need to start our analysis from the end event and work backwards to the beginning event...

## Complex logic analysis using problem breakdown and other techniques

Logic analysis primarily deals with yes/no variables or questions. The core concept of this approach of limiting the number of final possible outcomes to only two makes this world of yes/no a certain world. Though attractive, logic analysis by itself is of little use in real world problem solving, as most of the parameters and criteria in real world problem solving have inherent subjectivity in them. But we may use logic analysis together with other problem solving resources and deductive reasoning to solve complex problems systematically...

## Simple Logic analysis

We frequently use the term ‘logic’. People who use logic to back up their comments, decisions or actions are considered as logical. Sometimes this term is interchangeably used with the term ‘rational’. People who do not behave or act according to commonly accepted norms are termed as irrational. Human beings do not always follow stringent logic. Nevertheless ‘logic’ is a well-defined technical term; there is nothing vague in ‘logic’...

## Pattern recognition and use in real life problem solving

Patterns form the basis of comprehension and action for all living things in nature. Patterns are all around us - from human fingerprints, zebra crossings, warm current flows in oceans to the beautiful arrangement of a rose bud. A baby starts to recognize the objects around it, learns how to react on events or how to speak - all by identifying patterns. As we grow up, pattern recognition and its use remains to be one of the most valuable components in our problem solving ability set...

## Zero based problem solving

## Principle of Interleaving for solving real life problems

## 360 degree analysis approach for solving daily life problems

The Decision Analyst or DA has to look at the problem from all angles rather than from his own point of view. This goes a long way in proper problem modeling and solution, satisfying the need of all stakeholders. Application of this principle becomes very useful in Complex Project management, Conflict resolution, Negotiation and Counseling among other such problems...

## Solving real life Multi-Criteria Decision Making problems using Criteria Analysis Technique

MCDM in real life problem solving is important as in many situations of real life problems, you would have to evaluate many criteria for making a decision.